Friday, May 20, 2022

Know what is the difference between DM and Collector?, Know what is their work

Difference Between District Collector And District Magistrate : Many times people get confused about the post of DM and Collector. They do not know whether both are different posts or are the same. Also people are not even aware of their responsibilities. However, students preparing for Civil Services Examination (CSE) in Public Union Service Commission (UPSC) are said to prepare for becoming DM or Collector. In such a situation, it is important that you have the right information about this. This is what we are talking about to you today.

Before knowing about District Magistrate i.e. DM and District Collector, you should know some basics. Four pillars have been talked about in democracy. These are the executive, judiciary, legislature and media. It is the responsibility of the executive to maintain law and order at any place. The officer who is appointed to maintain law and order is called District Magistrate or DM.

Know what was the rule before independence
Before independence, judicial power and executive power were with the same person in the country. But after the constitution came into force, the public service was separated under Article 50. Thus the responsibilities and scope of the Collector and the DM got separated. The DM gets his powers from the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973. Whereas a collector gets the land from the Land Revenue Code, 1959. The work of both the officers is also to coordinate between various departments and agencies of the district. In most states of the country, the powers of the collector have also been vested in the work of DM, that is why many people believe that DM and collector are one and the same. However this is not necessary.

Know what is the difference?

district collectorDistrict Collector is the biggest officer related to revenue management in any district. In matters of revenue, all the responsibility to the government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Financial Commissioner rests with the District Collector. District Collector is the highest judicial officer of any district. Know further what are the main responsibilities of the District Collector.

revenue court
Excise duty collection, irrigation arrears, income tax arrears and arrears.
Relief and Rehabilitation work.
Arbitrator of land acquisition and collection of land revenue.
Land Records System.
Distribution of agricultural credit.
Issue of statutory certificates like Nationality, Domicile, Marriage, SC/ST, OBC, Economically Weaker Section.
Chairman of the District Banker Coordination Committee.
Headed by the District Planning Center.

district magistrateDistrict Magistrate is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. DM is the highest executive magistrate officer of any district and his responsibility is to maintain the administrative system in the district. There is a difference in the responsibilities of the DM in different states.

Maintenance of law and order in the district.
Controlling and giving directions to the police.
The Deputy Commissioner, who is in the role of District Magistrate, is the head of the criminal administration.
To supervise subordinate executive magistrates.
To certify the implementation of the death penalty.
The district has the responsibility of managing the lock-ups and jails of the district.
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